Great Uncle Wullie – William Joseph Muir, WW1 casualty

My Great Uncle, William Muir, was working as a labourer when he enlisted in the reserves of the Argyle & Sutherland Highlanders in 1907. He must have liked it / hated his job, because he became a full-time soldier in 1911, signing up for 12 years in the Royal Scots. His Grandfather had been in the army, so maybe it was a family thing. Bad timing is everything in my family, because his experience would have had made one of the first to be sent over to fight the Germans when World War 1 broke out. And, indeed, the 19th December 1914 saw him arriving in France.

He lasted just 10 months, until October 1915, being killed in action 50 years to the day, before I was born on 12 October. He died a private in Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment), 11th Battalion in Flanders. This would have been the Third Battle of Artois, also called the Loos-Artois Offensive, where “11/Royal Scots lost direction and in correcting it ran into a deep wire entanglement, where they were caught by machine-gun fire and virtually wiped out”. You can read more hereĀ Third Battle of Artois

I doubt his posthumous medals would have been much consolation to his family. You can see his British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards below. That’s a Victory Medal, a British War Medal and a 1915 Star. The telling comment is “K in A” scrawled in the remarks section. Killed In Action.

It was a bad year for the family, as his father, my Great Grandfather had died from nephritis, less than three weeks before he was sent to France. Probably the Irish in him, that caused his kidneys to pack in. Anyway, here is William Muirs Medal Rolls Index Card.

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Here’s the extract from the roll of honour at the Scottish War Memorial.


Surname MUIR
Firstname William Joseph
Service Number 10853
Date Death 12/10/1915
Place of birth Edinburgh
Other 11th Bn.
Rank Pte
Theatre of death

Certificates and Extracts from the Roll of Honour


World War I – Great Uncle Bill

Panel 11 at the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), BelgiumSeeing as how we’ll be “commemorating” the First World War very soon, here’s a reminder from my family.

My Great Uncle Bill was born on 13 Jan 1891 in 29 Montgomery Street, Edinburgh (now knocked down and besmirched with new student flats) and he died on 12 Oct 1915 in Flanders (which would be my birthday half a century later). He was the eldest son in the family, although he had abandoned the family business, and by 1911 was an enlisted soldier. So, he’d have been first in line to be shipped out when war broke out. A shitty couple of years for the family, as his father had died the year before, 1914, aged 49.

This picture shows his name inscribed on the war memorial for the 11th Bn. Royal Scots. It’s on Panel 11 at the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), Belgium.

Panel 11 at the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), Belgium


William Joseph Muir in Edinburgh

William Joseph Muir was my Great-Grandfather, on my mother’s side. His daughter, Mary Agnes Evelyn, was my mother’s mother. He was born in Ireland in 1857, but at age 4, was living at 9 Incle St, Paisley. I haven’t been through, but it probably looked better than this, 140 years ago.
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By the time he was 24, he was living and working in Edinburgh as a bootmaker. In 1881, he was living in Long Acre, off the Cowgate in Edinburgh with a young lady called Bridget Enright, who was 28. Bearing in mind that she was also Irish, and that Williams mothers maiden name was Mary Enright, I assume this was probably a cousin. Long Acre is long gone, but would not have been dissimilar to this picture of the old Cowgate.
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On the 3rd January, 1889 he married Catherine Healey. Sadly, their marriage record is so faded, that I can’t work out where he was staying. Luckily his wedding was on 3rd January, because on the 26th October of the same year, out popped his first born. By then, they were living in 31 Montgomery Street, which runs between Elm Row and Easter Road. They were living at the good end, in what was new built property. It’s been a gapsite for as long as I can remember, but the house standing on the left is No 27, so they would have been in a tenement. Two years later, when William was born, they had moved next door to No 31. Which also is where the gap is.
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But then the good times start to roll. When my Gran arrived in 1894, they were living in a maindoor in East Preston Street, which is in the much haughtier Newington.
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By the time sister Grace arrived in 1897, they had moved to a huge flat in Melville Terrace overlooking the Meadows. Plush!
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By the time of the 1901 census, they had moved to a maindoor flat in Marchmont Road. A flat I passed a thousand times, as my school was just around the corner. Although I didn’t know it at the time.
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According to the 1903 Edinburgh business directory, he was still living in the Marchmont Road flat, but had two shops. One just around the corner in Marchmont Crescent, and another, right in the heart of the fancy Edinburgh New Town, in William Street. At this point, he must have been an extremely successful bootmaker!

Marchmont (the white painted shop);
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William Street; (the deli called Herbie)
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However, the good times didn’t last. By the time he died in 1914, aged just 57, he was living in Bread Street, a huge fall from the heights of 1903.

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I remember my Mum telling me that was the last shop the family had, so who knows what happened. Naturally, I can speculate. Apparently, two of the sons, whose details I haven’t found yet – Andrew and George – were a wee bit on the simple side, so having grown men who couldn’t run the business wouldn’t have helped. And then there’s the fact that his cause of death is given as nephritis, which is inflammation of the kidney. If he’d been ill for a while, it would have affected the business. Who knows. However, William Joseph Muir remains the success story of the family. From the slums of Paisley to the high and mighty in Edinburgh’s New Town.

I found some old business directories, and turns oot that at one point he had 19 (nineteen!) shops on the go in Embra, so his fall from grace was even greater than I thought.

Here are a couple of scans from the Edinburgh Post Office directories from 1898 and 1902, with his various business addresses marked in the red boxes. Looks like times were good for a while there!

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